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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2614\margr4003\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2614\margrsxn4003\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1411\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1HE \i0 LINE OF PARVAGUPTA}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li32\fi0\ri4\sb220\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 "his retreat at Jayendravihara, and starved all his half-\expndtw3 brothers to death. Unmattavanti took fiendish delight \expndtw0 in cruel and loathsome acts like getting the wombs of \expndtw1 pregnant women cut open. Fortunately, he died soon, \expndtw3 and with the brief reign of his supposed son, Sura-\expndtw5 varman II, the Utpala house came to an end in 939 \expndtw2 A.D.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li65\fi0\ri0\sb266\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 The line of Parvagupta}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li47\fi443\ri0\sb173\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 After Suravarman II, the Brahrnans elected Yas-\expndtw-1 ahkara, son of Gopalavarman's minister., Prabhakara-\expndtw6 deva, as king. During his benevolent reign of nine \expndtw0 years (939-48 A.D.), peace and prosperity returned to \expndtw2 the country. His son and successor, Samgrama, was \expndtw0 killed in 949 A.D. by the minister, Parvagupta, who \expndtw8 usurped the throne himself. The most interesting \expndtw10 figure in this line was Didda, grand-daughter of \expndtw-1 Bhlma Sahi and daughter of the Lohara (in the Punch \expndtw1 State) chief, Sirnharaja. She was an ambitious and \expndtw2 energetic woman, and for nearly half a century\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 first \expndtw-2 as queen-consort of king Ksemagupta (950-958 A.D.), \expndtw-3 then as regent, and lastly as ruler (980-1003 A.D.)\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 she was the dominant personality in the politics of Kashmir. \expndtw0 During this period there were constant court-intrigues, \expndtw1 but in spite of the opposition of the Damaras (land\-\expndtw-2 owning nobles) and the Brahmans she maintained her \expndtw0 authority with the assistance of Tunga, a Khasa of low \expndtw3 origin, for whom she displayed excessive fondness.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li97\fi0\ri0\sb299\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 The Lobaras}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li65\fi461\ri22\sb180\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Before her death in 1003 A.D., Didda was success\-ful in settling the succession on her nephew, Samgrama-\expndtw-1 raja, brother of the Lohara prince, Vigiaharaja. Sam-\expndtw1 gramaraja (1003-28 A.D.) proved a weak king, and during the earlier part of his reign Tunga continued to}\par }